Few architectural features add character and grandeur to a room like a cathedral ceiling. Sometimes called the “fifth wall,” ceilings represent an important opportunity to express creative architectural design and to emphasize a home’s style and theme.
The height and shape of a ceiling have the power to change a room’s atmosphere and positively impact the overall aesthetic. Because of its raised position, ceilings are among the first things we sense upon entering a room: our eyes are drawn upward as we subconsciously calculate if the space feels open and airy or restrictive and closed.
Cathedral ceilings are sometimes confused with vaulted ceilings, but each has its own distinct design pitch. Cathedral ceilings typically feature straight sides, designed to slope upward at the same angle as the roofline, allowing the room to open up to the highest possible point. Vaulted ceilings, on the other hand, are traditionally curved or domed and do not necessarily follow the roof pitch.
Cathedral ceilings have the capacity to make a space visually larger and airier, and because additional windows often accompany higher ceilings, the room receives more natural lighting. Extra yearlong lighting – particularly here in New England – is always welcome, whether in the kitchen, living room, or bedroom.
To recall the craft and quality of historic homes, we often use reclaimed beams or antique wood when designing our client’s ceilings. Cathedral ceilings offer an excellent opportunity to emphasize beam features and create warmth and rustic character within the home.
While cathedral ceilings increase the visual look and feel of a room, the space can still be designed with intimacy and elegance in mind. Beadboard walls, which lead to a trussed ceiling, for example, create a room that is both grand and intimate.
Cathedral ceilings are an important design element used to create architectural impact within a room, create an added sense of space, and effectively emphasize the home’s aesthetic tone and style.
The romantic widow’s walk is a classic adornment of many nineteenth-century coastal homes throughout New England. Historians note that widow’s walks became popular during the early 1800s when sea captains built large, private homes from the fortunes they amassed in the whaling and shipping industries. Inspired by the cupolas of Italianate architecture, the design addition soon became synonymous with New England coastal architecture and remains so today.
The widow’s walk (or “viewing platform,” as it was sometimes called) is a raised and fenced rectangular structure built on the roof of a house. These platforms became especially popular during the height of the whaling industry throughout New England ports such as Edgartown on the island of Martha’s Vineyard.
With its deep and protected harbor, Edgartown became the whaling capital of the island sending “countless sailors all over the world from its port.” These sailors were often at sea for months and years at a time. It is said the widow’s walk served as an elevated vantage point for seamen’s wives to survey the harbor for their husbands’ arrival. Sadly, many never returned, leaving their anxious wives widows.
The widow’s walk conjures a nostalgic, poetic image where women paced, watched, and mourned their missing husbands at sea. However, some historians believe this idea may be rooted more in folklore than reality. They maintain that widow’s walks were designed with a practical and decidedly less romantic purpose in mind: firefighting. Chimney fires were a common and dangerous reality in the 1800s when homes were heated primarily by wood. Families would often store buckets of sand (and sometimes water) to pour down the chimney in case of fire – and the widow’s walk provided an access platform to the chimney openings.
There exists a third school of thought, which states there was a less practical reason these structures became so popular. The argument goes that wealthy sea captains believed the viewing platforms were an emotionally satisfying feature to have on their homes. They symbolized wealth and quietly said, “I can admire the source of my fortune (the sea) and survey my ships coming and going from the comfort of my home.”
There likely wasn’t one single purpose for widow’s walks; it appears they served different functions and ornamentation depending on the homeowner. However, today, many of our homes continue to include this classic coastal detail, which honors the romance and history of New England’s vernacular architecture and instills a historically correct sense of nostalgia.
Sometimes the most iconic, charming styles of architecture are born from necessity. An excellent example of this is the original Cape Cod style home. In the late 17th century, Puritan settlers brought the concept of an English cottage to Massachusetts, making necessary style adaptations for the harsh New England winters. This simple, highly functional design was later coined a “Cape Cod House” in 1800 by Yale University President Reverend Timothy Dwight IV, and its name and iterations remain decidedly recognizable today. The original Cape Cod house was a cozy, one-floor rectangular structure with low ceilings and a large central chimney, which provided warmth to all of the adjacent living spaces. Built from accessible wood such as pine and oak, the façade was highly symmetrical and covered in cedar shingles or simple clapboard. The gabled roof was designed to minimize the weight of New England snowfalls and most homes had shutters, which could be closed in the winter to help protect from the outdoor elements. The original Cape style house became popular with settlers because of its easy construction, manageable size, and heat efficiency. While some generations of settlers remained in their original, stout Cape, those with the financial wherewithal appreciated the relative ease with which they could add on to the home as their families grew.
The early 20th century saw a revival of the Cape Cod style, spearheaded by the influential Boston architect Royal Barry Wills who reintroduced the Cape as a modern living option. Famous for his elegant simplicity, Wills was described as someone who “wanted only to design the indigenous New England Home supremely well.” Wills appreciated the strikingly symmetrical and unadorned Cape but realized that – while his clients admired the imagery of the Colonial era – they wanted modern amenities and space in their new home. Garages were added along with second-floor dormers. These dormers not only provided necessary light, they changed what was once unused loft (attic) space into livable rooms with cozy nooks and crannies.
The housing boom of Post World War II saw a second revival of the iconic, adaptable Cape in locations such as Levittown, New York, the nation’s first planned suburb designed to house returning GI’s and their families. Over the years, the original “Half Cape” grew into what is called a “Three Quarter” and “Full Cape” with added wings and additional multi-paned, double-hung windows flanking the front door.
Today, our firm works with many classic homes and the iconic Cape remains a favorite. When designing or restoring a historic home, we often talk about the storyline or script that we create for each project. As detailed in our book, Timeless, this real or imagined narrative can describe a home’s origins and how the addition of different architectural elements came about over the years. The Cape Cod house lends itself well to this storytelling given its historic, humble beginnings and adaptability throughout the centuries.
One of the most popular homes we’ve designed on Martha’s Vineyard, the HGTV Dream Home 2015, tells the imagined story of a turn of the century Cape once used as hunting and fishing camp in Edgartown’s Katama plains. When designing the house, we created a storyline inspired by the island’s history. We imagined finding the simple, clapboard Cape nestled on the plain near two similar, smaller structures once used for curing meat and storing gear. In our narrative, we attached the three original buildings using porches and breezeways to create a single, light-filled Cape with shingled wings and an open, modern floor plan. The implied history of this new design captures the romance of the Vineyard while maintaining the Cape’s original symmetry, charm, and clean lines.
Once a study of simplicity and function – born from necessity – the unadorned Cape has evolved into a classic icon whose architectural adaptability and grace continues to stand the test of time.
Today is Valentine’s Day – a date that many celebrate romance and love. The tradition began in the 14th century and flourished throughout the years until in the 18th century lovers began exchanging gifts such as flowers to proclaim their courtship.
Here we will recognize the day of love by sharing some romantic elements in architecture. Design, both inside and outside of the home, can articulate a distinct and timeless feeling of romance.
A home’s arrival sequence is the first opportunity to introduce a romantic tone. Grand, curving covered archways (porte-cochère), intimate portals and pergolas provide an appealing start to a sequence of encounters – and elicit a feeling of anticipation for what is to come. Traversing down a tree-lined, grass strip allée accented with beautiful plantings can frame and enhance the experience, while visual moments such as gardens or elements of surprise can add to the romantic sensibility.
While the approach is an important introduction, other exterior elements can play a meaningful roll in creating romance. A gambrel roof form, charming window boxes or a beautiful wrap around porch all create memorable architectural moments. Lighting is another way to add exterior romance to a home: A warm, layered glow can radiate romance throughout the property with a flick of a switch.
Of course, the inside of a home can exude meaningful of romance as well. These impressions come in varying forms – from arched openings to reclaimed beams to coffered ceilings, to name a few. Sometimes, romance comes in the form of rich wood paneling or a wainscoting. Other times, it can be the intimate design of a sitting area, or a window seat with a stunning view.
The essence of romance can also be a personal experience such as a hidden garden, an intimate dressing or bathroom – or even a private view. As they say, love and romance is in the eye of the beholder. For some, it may be the alluring curve of a Palladian window; for others, a Romeo and Juliet balcony.
Here’s to romance, in all of its many (architectural) shapes and forms. Happy Valentine’s Day!
See more romantic images on our pinterest page here.
The Institute of Classical Architecture & Art is the leading nonprofit organization dedicated to advancing the classical tradition in architecture, urbanism and their allied arts. It does so through education, publication, and advocacy…
We are proud to announce that one of our very own, Michael J. Tartamella AIA, was unanimously voted to be appointed to the Board of Trustees for a term of three years.
“I am truly flattered to be appointed and excited to be part of the Board of Trustees of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art’s New England Chapter. I look forward to working with a strong team dedicated to supporting an important mission.”
– Michael Tartamella AIA
For those who don’t know, Mike is the Senior Associate here at Patrick Ahearn Architect LLC. Prior to joining the firm over 12 years ago, Mike’s professional experience included both commercial and residential work with architectural firms in Boston, New York, and Washington D.C. Not only is Mike a member of the American Institute of Architects, he is also a member of the Boston Society of Architects and obtains a NCARB certificate from the National Council of Architectural Registration Boards. When Mike isn’t practicing architecture, you’ll most likely find him on the golf course or spending quality time with his family.
We also want to express a sincere congratulations to all of the newly appointed Trustee Members listed on their website here. We know the New England Chapter of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art is in good hands.
If you would like to personally congratulate Mike, he can be reached on his LinkedIn page.
Patrick Ahearn Architect LLC Honored With 8 Awards at the 2016 PRISM Awards Gala
Patrick Ahearn Architect LLC was recognized for professional excellence with 8 PRISM Awards on October 6th, 2016.
Hosted by The Builders and Remodelers Association of Greater Boston (BRAGB), the PRISM Awards recognize the finest projects and outstanding achievements of builders, developers, project owners, architects, land planners, marketing/advertising firms, interior designers, remodelers, and other professionals in the home building industry. This year’s PRISM Awards Gala presented awards in nearly 80 different categories to honor the accomplishments of those who influence the building and design industry in Greater Boston. Patrick Ahearn Architect LLC won the most awards in the following categories and was recognized as trailblazer in their field:
“Each year the PRISM Awards honors the movers and shakers of the home building industry. The ceremony is an incredible opportunity for the building industry to come together and celebrate the accomplishments of their peers and show support for one another,” said Lorraine DeVaux, Chief Executive Officer of the Builders Association of Greater Boston. “Our winners this year once again prove that New England is home to some of the most extraordinary members of the building industry.”
BRAGB received almost 300 entries for the PRISM Awards this year, which is the highest number of entries in the program since at least 2007. A distinguished panel representing various segments of the residential building industry from across the country performed the judging. For more information about the PRISM Awards, please visit www.prism-awards.com.
Patrick Ahearn Architect is nominated for “Best Architectural and/or Residential Design Company” in the Best of the Vineyard 2015 by Martha’s Vineyard Magazine. Patrick has designed over 200 properties on Martha’s Vineyard including homes, restaurants, the Field Club, and this years HGTV Dream House.
Last year, Patrick won Best of the Vineyard 2014. Let’s keep it up! Last day to vote is APRIL 5, 2015.
Go to http://bestofthevineyard.secondstreetapp.com/l/Best-of-the-Vineyard-2015/Ballot/Services
Pick the category: Services
Under “Best Architectural and/or Residential Design Company” vote Patrick Ahearn